If you’re interested in psychology, then you’ll appreciate learning about Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in education. Read on…
Psychologists say that all human beings are motivated by goal accomplishment. It allows us to meet our individual wants and needs that are mentally prioritized in order of importance.
Maslow stated that we move from satisfying the lower-priority needs to those of higher-priority.
In other words, less immediate needs must be completely met before more important ones can be satisfied.
That principle underlies Maslow’s concept called…
Below, we are considering how it can be applied in education. But first let’s discuss some general information.
At the bottom of Maslow’s pyramid, you can see physiological needs, such as nourishment, sleep, clothing, and shelter. They are the first priority, which means that they must be satisfied first in order to focus on anything else.
For example, if a person is hungry, they ignore any other desires. As a student, you can notice that if you haven’t had food for a long time, it’s impossible to focus on your studies.
If one doesn’t feel safe in their environment, they struggle to complete any kind of work.
People thrive only in a predictable and well-structured environment with no disruptions in their routines. You can read more about it in essays about Maslow’s hierarchy of needs published on trusted online resources.
Those 2 needs can be developed through…
Believe it or not, the need for “love” and “belonging” is as critical as “physiological needs.”
This need involves:
Only if those needs are met, one can feel strong, capable, adequate and worthy. Otherwise, one feels unimportant, incompetent and unprotected.
Maslow defines it as an aspiration to fulfill one’s own potential that is driven by a craving for self-improvement. He suggests that far not all people are able to attain this level. But those who can reach it are independent, realistic and analytical.
To achieve great learning outcomes, student needs must be met in a school environment.
Let’s consider how to do it on each level.
The first and most obvious thing students must have at school are…
It would be great if they had a mixed snack bar too.
If schools offered daily snack breaks, students could grab some energy bites from time to time and continue learning without feeling hungry.
Some focused attention practices could be helpful as well.
Schools could teach and recommend breathing and mindfulness/visualization techniques – to help student to quiet their minds and stop free-flowing chaotic thoughts.
All of the above helps to create an inviting, warm and friendly physical environment.
If schools want to promote safety, teachers can invite a variety of speakers.
As they enter a classroom, they can drop a piece of paper with a written concern in a box situated by the door.
Psychologists say that this technique relieves anxiety and frees up the working memory.
Teachers can assign students to make pin-ups with a compliment or affirmation each day. This helps everyone focus on positive experiences instead of faults and mistakes.
The needs of “Belonging” and “Love” can be met through classroom service projects and partnered work.
Teachers can also organize a so-called community circle.
At the beginning and ending of each class, students can discuss and bring empathy to life. Instructors can even assign some roles within the class, including a listener, recorder of feelings and a person who cares for others.
Students might share personal narratives, stories and movie clips.
Schools and students can plan special celebratory days, such as progress days, birthdays and strength days.
In order to help students feel successful, schools can organize so-called expert days.
If schools want to help to meet these needs, they must help students to understand what their purpose in life is – and how they can serve the world.
Schools should prioritize students becoming self-assessors and self-reflectors.
Once students begin to realize how their thoughts, feelings and actions affect all lives, they will be able to find a way for self-actualization.
Author’s BIO : Jeremy Raynolds is a psychologist working with college students. He helps them improve their cognitive skills and solve mental health issues. Jeremy believes that psychological care must be the highest priority for learners because they experience too much stress while studying.
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